Black/White Smoke When Revved - Page 4 - Mustang Evolution

Go Back   Mustang Evolution > 1979-2015 Mustang GT || Tech and Talk > 1996-2004 Mustang GT



Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Please support our sponsors and let them know you heard about them here!
Old 04-02-2014, 04:05 PM   #106
Registered Member
Regular
 
Join Date: Mar 2013
Location: Salinas
Region: California
Posts: 7,411
With 118k, I'd DEFINITELY do the spark plugs first! My car still had the originals at that many miles.
straybullitt is offline   Reply With Quote
Sponsored Links
Advertisement
 
Old 04-02-2014, 04:23 PM   #107
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Quote:
Originally Posted by straybullitt View Post
With 118k, I'd DEFINITELY do the spark plugs first! My car still had the originals at that many miles.

Do you think this could be a serious contender for causing the detonation? Or just mainly changing them because they need changed. My dad and I always would just run them til the car started acting up then change the plugs n wires lol.
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-02-2014, 04:45 PM   #108
Registered Member
Regular
 
Join Date: Mar 2013
Location: Salinas
Region: California
Posts: 7,411
Quote:
Originally Posted by V6 stang View Post
Do you think this could be a serious contender for causing the detonation? Or just mainly changing them because they need changed. My dad and I always would just run them til the car started acting up then change the plugs n wires lol.
It's hard on the coils, in modern cars, to wait until the spark plugs, basically, stop working before you replace them. And, you're not getting the full on Mustang kick if it's not running right.
Having old spark plugs with gaps double or more than what they should be will typically NOT cause any pinging. Normally, they'll cause a misfire at higher RPM's. A clogged fuel filter, on the other hand, CAN cause the engine to run lean at higher RPMs and that can cause detonation.
It's just a good idea to go through the tune-up items first.
Just pull out a plug or two to verify their condition.
straybullitt is offline   Reply With Quote
Sponsored Links
Advertisement
 
Old 04-02-2014, 06:25 PM   #109
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Quote:
Originally Posted by straybullitt View Post
It's hard on the coils, in modern cars, to wait until the spark plugs, basically, stop working before you replace them. And, you're not getting the full on Mustang kick if it's not running right.

Having old spark plugs with gaps double or more than what they should be will typically NOT cause any pinging. Normally, they'll cause a misfire at higher RPM's. A clogged fuel filter, on the other hand, CAN cause the engine to run lean at higher RPMs and that can cause detonation.

It's just a good idea to go through the tune-up items first.

Just pull out a plug or two to verify their condition.

Will do. These engines don't have the rep of breaking off in the engine do they? I heard my dads f150 (5.4) has that problem.

My car had the problem before of taking a while to crank up when it was cold, more than normal. Turning the key forwar but not turning the car on for a second, before cranking the car would help. It was the guy that got banned said this would help because it preloads the fuel lines. Also sometimes it would crank up, stutter and try to stay alive, then die. Re cranking after that worked fine.

But now, with no maintenance, it cranks up like it should, and doesn't stutter or die after cranking it. This led people to my fuel pump or fuel filter.
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-02-2014, 07:08 PM   #110
Registered Member
Regular
 
Join Date: Mar 2013
Location: Salinas
Region: California
Posts: 7,411
You need to be careful to not over tighten the spark plugs in all of the modular engines.

My car has a hard start problem when the engine is warm. It seems to do it after sitting for 10-20 minutes. I'm sure it's fuel related and I believe one of the forum members mentioned that there is something in the factory tune to richen the mixture during "hot starts".
Like you, I'm unsure of the maintenance history of my car. I purchased it from the original owner, a lady, who took varying degrees of care for the car, and the maintenance records were incomplete, so, I already have a new fuel pump waiting to be installed.
It will be interesting to see if it changes the "hot start" problem.
straybullitt is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-02-2014, 07:17 PM   #111
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Quote:
Originally Posted by straybullitt View Post
You need to be careful to not over tighten the spark plugs in all of the modular engines.



My car has a hard start problem when the engine is warm. It seems to do it after sitting for 10-20 minutes. I'm sure it's fuel related and I believe one of the forum members mentioned that there is something in the factory tune to richen the mixture during "hot starts".

Like you, I'm unsure of the maintenance history of my car. I purchased it from the original owner, a lady, who took varying degrees of care for the car, and the maintenance records were incomplete, so, I already have a new fuel pump waiting to be installed.

It will be interesting to see if it changes the "hot start" problem.

Mine always started fine for the most part when it was warm and fuel was through the lines. We have the write up from Scotty and my friends dad has a torque wrench (12 lbs right?)

It was always in the morning or after getting off work. Would take forever to start up. Now that's it's warmer here in Texas.. It doesn't do it anymore. I have no idea what change the temp must just be a coincidence. Wasn't sure if it related to these other problems.
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-02-2014, 08:05 PM   #112
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
Don't forget the Cooper Anti-seize tube of grease

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-02-2014, 08:09 PM   #113
Registered Member
Regular
 
Join Date: Mar 2013
Location: Salinas
Region: California
Posts: 7,411
Haha.
It sounds like our cars have exactly opposite starting problems!
12 lbs is right.
straybullitt is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-03-2014, 04:10 AM   #114
Registered Member
Regular
 
thyreaper's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2014
Posts: 328
My fuel press is good and i even upped the press with a rugulator to rule it being lean out and it still did it unless i have a bad injector somewhere
thyreaper is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-03-2014, 05:07 AM   #115
Registered Member
Regular
 
FullyAutomatic's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2014
Location: Automatic
Region: Mexico
Posts: 941
hmmm post picture of the gf
FullyAutomatic is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-03-2014, 03:17 PM   #116
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Quote:
Originally Posted by thyreaper View Post
My fuel press is good and i even upped the press with a rugulator to rule it being lean out and it still did it unless i have a bad injector somewhere

How did you check the fuel pressure.
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-03-2014, 03:19 PM   #117
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Also, what brand/kind of fuel filter and plugs would you guys get? It needs to be from like oreilly's or autozone, not over the net. Thanks
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-03-2014, 03:56 PM   #118
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
Quote:
Originally Posted by V6 stang View Post
Also, what brand/kind of fuel filter and plugs would you guys get? It needs to be from like oreilly's or autozone, not over the net. Thanks
Motorcraft fuel filter. Autolite copper core. (cheapest plugs) I think your # is 605 Autolite. But double check. Those fancy 'split tip" plugs can become brittle and fall off in your combustion chamber. (then you'll really have a b-b floating around in there)

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-03-2014, 09:55 PM   #119
Registered Member
Regular
 
Join Date: Mar 2013
Location: Salinas
Region: California
Posts: 7,411
If they have it, Motorcraft everything. If they don't, just get the best that you can afford. Champion is a good brand of spark plugs also.
straybullitt is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 11:24 AM   #120
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Just a little update... Still no water usage. It's saying at the same level thank goodness (so far)

Hopefully Sunday I'll be changing plug and fuel filter. Think I should run maybe a quarter or half a bottle of seafoam through a vacuum lines, or just wait to see if this other stuff works? If it doesn't work, seafoam it? If I can't get it fixed by April 22nd I'll be taking it to a mechanic. Maybe he will see if I'm running lean or rich, and the reasoning if I am. He will know how to stop it. If he thinks it's a timing chain slap ima facepalm.
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 12:17 PM   #121
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
Timing chain is easy.

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 12:19 PM   #122
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Quote:
Originally Posted by Mosified View Post
Timing chain is easy.

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk

Lol, well at least I know your scaling for easy.
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 12:20 PM   #123
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
Lol.. First time for everychain.. Ill walk you thru it..

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 12:22 PM   #124
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
Its probably not the TC.. Let us know how you make out with inspecting the exhaust.

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 12:58 PM   #125
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Looks like one exhaust is upside down. I can't remember if it was this way or not before I got the exhaust. Click image for larger version

Name:	ImageUploadedByMustang Evolution1396634155.876569.jpg
Views:	80
Size:	574.4 KB
ID:	152889Click image for larger version

Name:	ImageUploadedByMustang Evolution1396634185.368703.jpg
Views:	85
Size:	531.9 KB
ID:	152890

You can see the writing on the second pic of one of the exhausts. The first pic is the other.

I have a "puffing tick" sounds coming from near my cats.. I may be freaking out over nothing but I took a recording of it. Not sure if it will help. I might post it tonight.

It's not like a bad engine loud tick or knock.. Hard to explain.
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 01:06 PM   #126
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
The flow has to go in the right dircetion. Anything wrong with your exhaust will give you the exact symptoms you have. Ill investigate which way that writing goes.

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 01:21 PM   #127
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
Quote:
Originally Posted by V6 stang View Post
Looks like one exhaust is upside down. I can't remember if it was this way or not before I got the exhaust. Attachment 152889Attachment 152890

You can see the writing on the second pic of one of the exhausts. The first pic is the other.

I have a "puffing tick" sounds coming from near my cats.. I may be freaking out over nothing but I took a recording of it. Not sure if it will help. I might post it tonight.

It's not like a bad engine loud tick or knock.. Hard to explain.
The upside down one is fine. The inlet is on the "F" side of Flowmaster. I just found a big hole in one of my vaccuum lines that runs between my motor and firewall. My Stang still drove perfect before I patched the bad vaccuum line. So ond bad vacuum wouldnt affect its running that bad. I had that detonation rattle, floating bb noise until i discovered a bad Timing chain tensioner. I wonder if something inside your cats came apart enough to inturupt your exhaust flow? Like a flap of the inner cats wall? A little exhaust obstruction would be most likely causing your condition. Do the fuel filter, plugs, seafoam.. And see what happens. Check all the fuses in both fuse boxes. Under hood and under drivers side dash.

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 07:43 PM   #128
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Quote:
Originally Posted by Mosified View Post
The upside down one is fine. The inlet is on the "F" side of Flowmaster. I just found a big hole in one of my vaccuum lines that runs between my motor and firewall. My Stang still drove perfect before I patched the bad vaccuum line. So ond bad vacuum wouldnt affect its running that bad. I had that detonation rattle, floating bb noise until i discovered a bad Timing chain tensioner. I wonder if something inside your cats came apart enough to inturupt your exhaust flow? Like a flap of the inner cats wall? A little exhaust obstruction would be most likely causing your condition. Do the fuel filter, plugs, seafoam.. And see what happens. Check all the fuses in both fuse boxes. Under hood and under drivers side dash.

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
https://soundcloud.com/austin-hughes-23/new-recording-5

Here is a soundcloud clip of me cranking it so you can listen to it. You can hear it early like right when I crank it, and around 0:22 you can hear it better. It's around the cats. Either it's like a exhaust leak, cats are screwed, or a lower engine tick... Dear god I hope it's not a low engine tick. lol
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 08:25 PM   #129
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
Funny. Cuz thats exactly where my tick came from with my Timing Chain Tensioner that stopped tensioning. It wasnt bad to drive it that way. Just annoying as heck. Dont bang your head against the wall to hard. And dont dump tons of money trying to fix it if works. I was bored and did PI Heads. Or I wouldnt even have known it was my TC.

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 08:27 PM   #130
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
I've heard a slapping timing chain can ruin your engine though
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 08:29 PM   #131
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
Yeah. Hmmm. You have a decission to make. Lol. Timing chains sometimes need work at 100,000+ miles. An experianced mechanic does them in 4 hours. Beginner- 2 days.

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 08:31 PM   #132
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Yeah. Expecting a 600-700$ bill out of it.
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 08:32 PM   #133
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
I'm interested in what stray bullit will think about it also. Now with that sound clip. I can post the actual sound when the engines under load if that may help also?
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-04-2014, 11:21 PM   #134
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Here is when I am putting load on the engine.. You can listen to it and decide for yourself.

https://soundcloud.com/austin-hughes-23/engine

https://soundcloud.com/austin-hughes-23/new-recording-2
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-05-2014, 01:02 PM   #135
Registered Member
Regular
 
Join Date: Mar 2013
Location: Salinas
Region: California
Posts: 7,411
It's difficult to tell without being right there, but that sounds like a ticking noise or an exhaust leak. You'll have to be the one who determines if it's coming from the front (timing chains) of the engine or the exhaust area. When you made those recordings, was the engine warm or cold? My engine is a little noisy until it reaches operating temperature also.
straybullitt is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-05-2014, 01:04 PM   #136
Registered Member
Regular
 
V6 stang's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Region: Texas
Posts: 2,252
Operating temp. I was running it in 4th gear at 30mph to make it do that. The main sound is under neath the car. So exhaust leak I suppose?
__________________
"Hp sells cars, Tq wins races" - Carroll Shelby... RIP
2012 Mustang GT Convertible
Roush Exhaust

2003 Mustang GT (Sold)
1999 35th Anniversary V6(SOLD)
V6 stang is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-05-2014, 01:06 PM   #137
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
It sounds like an exhaust leak. Just keep up with the gaskets and routine maintanence. Gaskets, fluids and hoses... Has the car lost power or soubd different since you git it?

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-05-2014, 01:08 PM   #138
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
sorry about my typing. LOL... (my fingers are messed up)

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-05-2014, 01:13 PM   #139
Registered Member
Regular
 
Join Date: Mar 2013
Location: Salinas
Region: California
Posts: 7,411
Quote:
Originally Posted by V6 stang View Post
Operating temp. I was running it in 4th gear at 30mph to make it do that. The main sound is under neath the car. So exhaust leak I suppose?
I didn't realize thats what you were doing. Lol.

Well, I'd definitely start hunting around for exhaust leaks before I took the front of the engine apart. That could be the "detonation" that you're hearing also, only its an exhaust leak... Maybe?
straybullitt is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-05-2014, 01:14 PM   #140
Registered Member
Regular
 
Mosified's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Philadelphia
Region: Pennsylvania
Posts: 717
Fix the exhaust leak. But only an exhaust leak before the O2's would affect Air/fuel mixture. Prolly not that much though. A well maintained car is SWEET!!)) Can you have your cats checked out?

Sent from my SGH-T989 using Tapatalk
__________________
96 GT, P.I. Swap, X-PYPE, 4.10's, BAMA Chip.
Mosified is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply

Lower Navigation
Go Back   Mustang Evolution > 1979-2015 Mustang GT || Tech and Talk > 1996-2004 Mustang GT

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are Off


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
White smoke Surffer227 Pre-2005 V6 Mustang 5 03-15-2012 03:11 PM
White on white or white on black? Ware12 Pre-2005 V6 Mustang 28 01-20-2012 12:49 PM
white smoke when accelerating? psycho5.0 1979-1995 Mustang GT 7 04-10-2011 06:32 PM
Thick white smoke and oil everywhere...HELP!! AliceIvers General Mustang Discussion 10 03-19-2011 02:33 PM
Car almost skips when revved or driven Qwik Four Six 1979-1995 Mustang GT 3 01-25-2011 01:28 AM

» Like Us On Facebook



01:17 PM


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.8
Copyright ©2000 - 2017, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
Content Relevant URLs by vBSEO 3.6.0

MustangEvolution.com is in no way associated with or endorsed by Ford Motor Company.